Business culture

week 3

Organisational integration

Importance of culture

What is culture?

Difficult to define

  •  ‘a set of understandings or meanings shared by a group of people’ (Louis, 1980)
  • ‘Pattern of beliefs and expectations shared by organisational members’ (Schwartz and Davis, 1981)
  • A pattern of basic assumptions –invented, discovered or developed by the given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration’ (Schein, 1985)

Goffee- Jones Matrix

Networked organisations

Low on solidarity, high on sociability

  • Typically, lack of hierarchy, informal and decisions are made by ‘friends’
  • Close-knit communities (sometimes ‘cliques’)
  • Non-instrumentality
  • Informality lends flexibility
  • Socialising during work hours, which can be long.
  • People identify with one another.
  • Very useful in organisations where teamwork can lead to innovation/creativity

Networked organisations

  • People spend too much time pursuing their ‘agendas’
  • Mediocrity likely to set in, as people are unwilling to disagree
  • ‘Cloning of culture’

Networked organisations work effectively when:

  • Innovation /creativity required.
  • When strategy is long term and required allegiance of people to the organisation
  • Mercenary organisations
  • Very productive, specific targets
  • Focus is on results and also ‘what is in it for me’.
  • Communication is brief and focused.
  • People are competitive and arguments could be confrontational.
  • Long hours of work often at the cost of personal lives
  • People identify with winning.
  • Usually shorter careers with organisations
  • Mercenary organisations
  • However,
  • Cooperation minimal
  • Communication is brief and focused.
  • People are competitive and arguments could be confrontational.
  • Long hours of work often at the cost of personal lives
  • People identify with winning.
  • Usually shorter careers with organisations

 

Mercenary organisations work well, when there is:

  • Dynamic environments that require quick, focussed response
  • When goals are clear and measurable
  • When there is an ‘enemy’

Communal organisations

  • Best of both worlds
  • Typically, entrepreneurial organisations
  • Employees have a keen sense of common identity
  • Fairness and justice are important virtues
  • Employees are clear about the strategic goals and about the competitors

However,

  • Sometimes such a culture is difficult to sustain
  • There is a built-in tension between solidarity and sociability and therefore such cultures can be unstable.
    Comments:
    this type of culture does not last long
  • Fragmented organisations
    Low on sociability, low on solidarity
  • Little communication
  • Talk is focused on specific topics.
  • People are comfortable with individualism and freedom.

Typically, professionals, virtual employees

Activity

Provide examples of an organisation which the team believe is

  • Well integrated
    -Tesco, wel-mart, and all major ones.
    -Danone
    -Football teams
    -Google, Facebook
Comments:
Google : new economy model –
  • -pret a manger
  • Poorly integrated
    -Barclays as their is usually no connection between upper manager and lower management

What parts of the value chain organisations in (a) and (b) above are causing the strong and weak linkages?

Where do these organisations lie within the Goffee-Jones typology?

French Language – 21st of March 2011

>>>>7th of March 2011<<<<

Homework

Le triste = San

Dépressif = Depresse

Expressions négatives

Ne + verbe + pas

  • Je ne comprends pas du tout = not at all

Ne + verbe + plus c’est fini

  • Tu fumes toujours ?
  • Non, je ne fume plus < Anymore

Depuis 3 ans, il n’est plus possible de fumer dans les lieux publics en France.

Je ne sais plus = I do not Know

  • (Je ne me souviens pas) I do not remember

Ne + Verbe + jamais

Les Français ne boivent jamais de lait à table

Vous aimes le Théatre ?

  • Je ne sais pas, je ne vais jamais au Théatre.

Ne + Verbe + Personne

  • Thibaut ne connaît personne a Poitiers.
  • Tu vois quelqu’un ?
  • Tu as un(e) petite(e) ami(e) ?
  • Non, je ne vois personne

Ne + Verbe + rien

  • Les Français ne comprennent rien aux

Personne ne + verbe

  • Personne ne m’aime
  • Personne ne peut prédire
  • Qui sera le prochain président francçais.

Rien ne + verb

  • Rien n’est possible
  • Rien ne marche en France !
  • Impossible n’est pas Français ! – Napoléon

Combinaisons

  • Sarko ne boit jamais rien
  • Je ne vois plus personne – I do not see anybody anymore

How to pay :

  • En Espéces = money
  • En carte = Card
  • En Chéque = cheque

>>> 21st of March 2011 <<<

A : Repondre aux questions :

  1. Tu veux manger quelque chose ?
  • Non, Je ne veux rien manger

2. Quelqu’un entre dans la classe ?

  • Non, personne n’entre das la class

3. Paul prend toujoours du sucre avec son cafe

  • il ne prend jamais de sucre avec son cafe.

4. Non, Allez-vous quelquefois au restaurant ?

  • Non, nous avon jemais au restaurent.

5. quelque chose arrive dans la classe ?

  • non, rier ne arive das la chose

6. tu te leves a si heures et quart ?

  • non, je ne leve pas a 6h15

7. Catherine va souvent faire des courses

  • non, elle ne va pas souvent faire de course

8. vous allez encore en France ?

  • Non, nous n’allons pas en France.

9. Tu regardes quelqu’un das la rue ?

  • Non, je ne regard personne.

10. Ils ont des problemes ?

  • Non, ils n’ont aucun probleme

B : Transforme la phrase negative ne phrase positive :

1. Il ne veut rien faire.. Il fair quelque chose.

2. Je n’aime plus le cafe.. J’aime toujours / encore le café.

3. Il n’a jamais d’agent… Il a toujours de l’argent

4. il a toujours / encore de l’argent

5. Personne n’entre… quelqu’’un entre. / tout le monde entre.

6. Je ne lis pas le livre de Paul…Je lis le livre de paul

7. Je ne lis aucun magazine.. je lis beacuoup de magazine

8. Tout est magnifique… Rien n’est magnifique ici.

 

A : mettez les phrases suivantes au passe compose.

  1. Je cherche mes cles
  2. J’achete un ordinateur
  3. Je travaille tout le week-end
  4. Je dejeune avec des amis
  5. J’ecoute de la musique
  6. Je réserve une table au restaurant

B : Répondez aux questions.

  1. Il a mangé un croissant, ce matin ?
    1. i.     –Mon, pas mange de croissant
    2. Vous avez commandé un gateau, hier ?
      1. i.     –
      2. Hier soir, elle a parle avec des amis
      3. Ils ont trouvé une solution, finalement ?
        1. i.     De solution
        2. Tu as acheté un dicionnarie, Récemment ?
        3. Vous avez Diné a la maison, hier soir ?

C Completez au pase compose

1. nos avons

2. j’ais décidé

3. Els ont visité

4. elle a gardé

5. Vous avez étudié

6. as utilisé

7. ont jové

8. avons gagné

9. a commencé

10. J’ai regardé

 

Passe composé avec ´tre

Formation être au présent + participe passé

 

Aller :

  • Je suis allé(e) – je suis allée <Feminie
  • Tu es allé(e) – tu es allée <feminine
  • Il/elle/on est allé(e)s
  • Nous sommes allé(e)s
  • Vouse êtes allé(e) (addressing formaly a woman, add (e) and many (S)
  • Ils/elles sont allé(e)s

Verbe Pronominal (reflexif)

Se Laver

Preésent :

  • Je me lave
  • Tu te laves
  • Il/elle/on se lave
  • Nous nous lavons
  • Vous vous lavesz
  • Ils/elles/ se lavent

Passé Composé :

  • Je me suis lavé(e)
  • Tu t’es lavé(e)
  • Il/elle/on s’est lavé(e)s
  • Nous nous sommes lavé(e)s
  • Vous vous êtes lavé(e)s
  • Vous vous êtes lavé(e)s
  • Ils/elles se sont lavé(e)s

Insurt 210311.4#

Différence entre « rentrer », « revenir » et « retournes »

Renrer :

Man goes to base

  • Le soir, je entre à la maison à 18h00
  • Je suis allée en vacances et je suis rentrée à Nice samedi dernier.

Revenir :

Origine > moi

  • Attends ! je reviens dans 2 minutes
  • Je suis revenue de vacances samedi dernier

Retourner :

Moi goes/comes base

  • Je suis allée à la banque mais j’ai oublié mon téléphone, alors je suis retournée à la banque chercher mon Téléphone

Ce matain, , je me suis levée à 5h30.

D’abord, j’ai pris mo petitit déjeuner

Ensuite, je me suis préparée

Finalement, je suis partie à 7h00

–the only exeption where you do not put ée or ées for verbs is

!! nous nous sommes téléphoné

!! vous vous êtes parlé

EXAM NEXT WEEK :

Passe compose avor,être,

14 verb base

verb reflexive,

irgular past participes

negative expressions

parte de escute

parte grammer

parte de le lecture

French Language 14th of Feb

>>>>>14th of Feb 2011<<<< week 3

Verbal dialog :::

Verbes Pronominax :

  • Se Coucher
  • Je ne me couche pas
  • Il/elle/on se couche
  • Nous ne nous couchonspas
  • Vous vous couchez
  • Ils/elles se couchent
  • Je m’habille / je m’occupe
  • Tu t’habilles / Tu t’occupes
  • Il s’habille / il s’occupe

Verbes réfléchis – (myself himself yourself)

  • Se laver
  • Je me Lave = je lave moi
  • Je lave mon bébé

Verbes réciproques

You should use these virbs only in plural (nous vous elles)

  • S’aimer
  • Nous nous aimons
  • (J’aime George et George m’aime !)
  • Je m’aime
  • Vous vous parlez ?
  • Il se téléphonent

Aures Verbs :

  • Se souvenir <to Remember
  • Je me souviens de mon enfance à la campagne
  • Se moquer
  • Te me moque beaucoup de sarko !
  • Se réveillon < to wake up
  • Le réveil
  • Se lever (je me lève)
  • Se doucher – prendre un bain
  • Se raser
  • Se brosser les dents
  • Se coiffer (le coiffeur)
  • Se maquiller
  • Se préparer
  • S’habiller
  • Se promener (je me promene)
  • Se déshabiller
  • Se changer
  • Se coucher

*S’intéresser à quelque chose

je m’intéresse à la politique

*s’habite

est-ce que vous vous habituez à la vie en France.

  • Comment est-ce que ça – s’écrit ? < how do you write ?
  • -Se lave ? < how does it clean itself ?
  • -Se dit en français ? how do you say in French ?
  • -Se prononce ? how do you pronounce
  • –se monge ? < how do you eat ?
  • –se dit ?
  • c’est possible de dire « Je m’en Fous » ?
  • oui, ça se dit !
  • C’est possible de dire «  Je vais » ?
  • Non, ça ne se dit pas, On dit « J’y vois »
  • C’est possible de commander un verre de lait au restouront?
  • Mon, en France ça ne se fait pas.

French journalism:

French journalism:

In France, the facts (political, economical, social) and try to analyze it on how we perceive it, in England the information is more facts, there is no personal overview of the matter, concentrating more on what actually took place, In France, they will reduce the facts but will give more importance to his history, his social environment, his past history. With the two free daily newspapers, they do not authorize any journalist to give personal opinion Second main problem is Internet: Why should you buy for a print when you can get the paper for free, advertisement bugets of the daily newspaper has diminished and because they have such massive fixed costs associated with the salaries for the journalists as their salaries are protected by the trade unions, it first started in the second world war as being a journalist back them was hard work, and some times dangerous.

This monopolist trade unions do not allow other companies to enter the market and this is not advantages for consumers, an example would be the mund news paper, which is printed 2pm in Paris but is only available the following day, The initiative for the government was to give young 18 year olds one free copy of a French newspaper for free, to try and promote the use of printed news, this experience also showed that the youth chose news papers that reflected political and current issues, institutionalized news papers and not a sports or something related to entertainment, this was a surprise as they previously fort otherwise. Another concern is the amount of content which is available on the internet, they are able to publish longer articles and give more information on the internet as opposed to printed as there is usually a set limit on word count and size of each article.

The French government has since created a online editorial allowance to help fund this new online news paper, but there are set journalistic regulations, you have to write your own articles and not use and copy articles form other sources you have to be a journalist (graduated in a journalistic school) to have legal way and receive money for advertisement to write articles Constitutional reform of July 2008 Which also introduced the impeachment Previous constitution 1946, which they changed from republic to parliamentary, it was a time of de-colonization of some French colonies, 1958: a strong presidential power and a rationalized parliamentary power (reduced power) President sarcosi wanted to equalize the power of the two and create a new constitutional reform, to put more frame to the presidential power (not in the sense to reduce, but to limit the power of the president) to increase the power of the parliament to give people more access (power) in the political arena as in 1946 people where not that much involved in the process.

New limitations for the president the president can not elect any high level official for a role, now, any high ranking officials has to go threw a parliamentary commission. “Question prioritaire de constitutionalite” << most important reform << . when someone, a French citizen who is prosecuted because of a law, he can say now after the 1st of march, anyone who is under a trail can say to the judge that the law is not under the constitution. And so the judge should see and analyses the suggestion and the judge will then forward it to the suprieme court will analise wether the law is under the constitution.

French Observation 1/3

I arrived in Nice five weeks ago and the only past exposure to French would be with a ex-girlfriend and a few French friends, apart from that I only stopped in France for connecting flights and once went to Paris for the weekend so my exposure to French was somewhat limited and I didn’t know what to expect. I heard many things prior to arriving in France, the thing that kept coming up is that French people are rude and especially to English people mainly because of past conflicts between the two countries. But I personally have not had any bad issues with any French individual, however I did notice that in stores the cashers and customer service staff are not exactly the most polite people, having lived most of my life in London where customer service is expected in every transaction and having worked in high level complains / customer services, my experience to the customer services here in Nice was “shocking” to say the least, in England we learn that body language is very important, sometimes even more so then what you are saying. I remember the first day I was in France, I had to purchase a mobile phone contract and was just observing how the sales staff where with the customers, there was this one employee almost sleeping, talking to the customer and not even looking at his face, and the staff had a face that said “I’m fed up with this customer” and the customer didn’t even care, if the same thing happened in London the customer would have asked to speak to the manager, but the manager at this store was worse, he was yelling at the staff about a box which was left on the floor, but really making a seen, I only realized after that he was the manager. I feel that people here understand more the human side of things, I saw that the customer understood that the employee was tired after a long days work, and didn’t expect him to be friendly and with a “fake” smile on his face, in the beginning I really disagreed with this as I was always programmed to “over deliver” in customer satisfaction and be as nice as possible, smile, have a good posture and my bonus depended on this, but after a few days I completely changed my perception of what is bad customer services, I no longer expect staff in store to smile, I only expect them to fix any issues I have and in most cases they do indeed fix it but another issue is that they do it as slow as humanly possible but ill not get into that now. —